Masahiro MAEDA

京都大学大学院 人間・環境学研究科
共生文明学専攻 文化・地域環境論講座 環境構成論分野

Masahiro MAEDA, Dr.Eng.
Associate Professor
Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies,
Kyoto University



The Future Based on Sharing ―The Upcoming Paradigm Shift of Ownership(2021)



Is share a hope to overcome the deadlock of capitalism? In places where sharing is practiced, even if you pay for shared use, the air, smell, sound, relationships, and responsibilities are inevitably shared. Sometimes it was annoying, but it enriched your life. Sensing crustal movements toward the future based on share from the perspective of housing

Recent Articles

◯前田昌弘:住まいの「梯子」を組み替える人びとと土地の関わり-スリランカのスラム再定住事業を通じて, カルチュラル・グリーン, 第2号, pp.49-76, 2021年3月

○前田昌弘,佃悠,井本佐保里:コモンをもつ接地型集合住宅における共同性の回復に関する研究―東日本大震災の災害公営住宅を主な対象として―,住総研研究論文集, 第47号, pp.85-96, 2021年3月

○前田昌弘:住まいに積層する文化を未来へ―旧紅茶プランテーションの長屋と共に歩む―,住宅会議,第111号,pp.42-44, 2021年2月

○前田昌弘:超高齢社会を見据えた共同性の編み直しと住まいづくりー阪神・淡路大震災の経験から,都市住宅学,第110号,pp.114-115, 2021年2月

Questionnaire Survey on Jizo-Bon (Response to COVID-19) (2021)

地蔵盆に関するアンケート調査(新型コロナウイルスへの対応)実施中 *画像をクリックすると回答フォームへ飛びます


アンケートの対象: 京都市内で地蔵盆を開催している地域(町内)や団体であり、 今年の地蔵盆の開催者(地蔵盆の世話役、町内会・自治会の役員など)



Restoration of Communality in the Disaster Public Housings with Common Spaces (2021)


Among the terraced-type disaster public housing in the three prefectures affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, we selected the housing complex that adopted the hybrid access, and show the actual situation of the recovery of the commonality of the inhabitants. We focused on the reflexivity that lifestyle affects the environment after reconstruction. We confirmed that the common space and the buffer space inside and outside the house are the keys to meet the needs of the inhabitants who want to interact while maintaining a certain sense of distance. In order for the introduction of the common space to function, we pointed out that in addition to the design and arrangement of the buffer space, it is important to stabilize the way of living by the arrangement and circulation of the space inside the house.

How will our Housing and Community change with WITH / AFTER new Corona Virus Pandemic(COVID-19)?(2020)

WITH/AFTERコロナ 住まい・まちづくりはどう変わる?

Telework has spread rapidly with the spread of the new coronavirus infection. While the spread of telework has revealed various merits, it also highlights issues related to living space. In the future, as telework becomes more familiar, a living environment that integrates work and housing will be required, and the degree of freedom in choosing a place of residence may increase. For the era of WITH / AFTER Corona, we will think about how to live, work, enjoy and live while teleworking in Osaka, and think about Osaka as a city to live with.


And yet Humans Share Spaces with Others (2020)


Architectural practitioners have actively proposed a share as a way to enrich their dwelling. However, now that the new-coronavirus (COVID-19) sickness has made us aware that the share is two sides of the same coin with the risk of infection, we can still see what people want from the share. At this symposium, we first reconsider the meaning of various shares being tried in the field of architecture. Then, we anthropologically ask what share is, and draw out the future of whether share continues to promote the disparity in housing, or how the practice of housing can play a role in correcting the disparity.

Questionnaire Survey on Jizo-Bon (Response to COVID-19) (2020)

地蔵盆に関するアンケート調査(新型コロナウイルスへの対応)実施中 *画像をクリックすると回答フォームへ飛びます (回答は締め切りました)


アンケートの対象: 京都市内で地蔵盆を開催している地域(町内)や団体であり、 今年の地蔵盆の開催者(地蔵盆の世話役、町内会・自治会の役員など)





Exhibition “Machiya Vision”(2020)

KYOTOGRAPHIE 京都国際写真祭 X 京都市景観・まちづくりセンター 展覧会 Machiya Vision



This exhibition is a collaboration between KYOTOGRAPHIE and The Kyoto City Landscape and Town Planning Center, who are actively engaged in the restoration and preservation of Kyomachiya.
The exhibition consists of interview footage and daily life scenes of the various people connected to Kyomachiya, including residents, craftsmen, architects, researchers, entrepreneurs, and supporters. It presents a series of photos that share the detail and characteristics of the Kyomachiya. The purpose of this exhibition is to envision the future of Kyomachiya.

Housing in Emergency and Future of City: beyond the COVID-19 disaster (2020)



The coronavirus (COVID-19) problem is a complex problem that spans a wide range of fields including medicine (epidemiology, public health), risk science, informatics, sociology, history, urban planning, and architecture. We will consider the living environment in an emergency from the perspective of “if a disaster occurs under the circumstances of the spread of new corona infection”, and introduce related information resources and literature. I think it is important to acquire the attitude and method to continue to think about how to “rightly fear” the risks around us and “do our best” to deal with them. In that sense, what is essentially important may be the same as it was before the new Corona. I hope everyone will be a glove hint to face the current situation.



This paper analyzed characters of house and life reconstruction behavior by residents in Tamaura-West district which is the large-scale group resettlement site rapidly completed in the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011. It is clarified that the household separation is advanced. However, the drastic change is mitigated with adjustment of way of living by the residents themselves. It is caused to characters of plan of the district (rapid reconstruction, mixture of house types, maintenance of previous neighborhood etc.). On the other hand, restriction by customs about family and restoration institution sometimes have negative affect on the activeness of the residents.

Issues and challenges in resettlement after a disaster: Who am I to decide my place of residence?(2020)

災害後の再定住における論点と課題:私の住まいを選ぶのは私なのか?,日本建築学会 災害からの住まいの復興に関する共有知構築[若手奨励]特別研究委員会:ポスト東日本大震災の住まい復興と共有知構築ー新しい計画論をめざして,2020年3月


Social Urbanism -Knowledge exchange meeting between Latin America and Japan(2020)

Social Urbanism -Knowledge exchange meeting between Latin America and Japan

We will hold “Social Urbanism-Knowledge exchange meeting between Latin America and Japan” at 18:00 -21:00 on February 7 in Kyoto. We Invite an architect Alejandro Echeverri, who is known for urban renewal in Medellin, once called the “World’s Most Dangerous City”. Architects and researchers who practice Social Urbanism at domestic and abroad from the Japanese side will also share knowledge in South America and Japan. Although the capacity is limited, it is an open meeting, so if you are interested please join us!

Community Development in terms from Accommodation in Emergency City(2020)


“What is the relationship between the disaster prevention map and Jizo’s shrine?”
This is a simple question from a participant, local residents when I conducted a workshop in an area I am currently helping disaster prevention community planning. From the viewpoint of the theme of this special feature, Accomodating, it is necessary to watch the city not only during normal times but also during emergencies. On the other hand, when we think about emergencies, you also need to use your imagination about the situation of the city during normal times. Such a perspective between normal times and emergency times is indispensable for creating a truly disaster-resistant local society. However, it is often that the link between normal and emergency, which was natural for me, is not for others. What I introduced at the beginning was a word from the inhabitants who made this fact noticeable to me. Let’s look at the theme given to me in this article, “Urban Accomodation Focused on Emergencies.”

The Life and Homes of Tamil People in the Former Tea Plantation(2020)


This paper firstly summarizes the transition of tea plantations, focusing on the treatment of laborers’ dwelling and environment (line house) based on existing studies. Next, analyze the “design guidelines” (Planters Manual) that became the prototype of the standard plan for line houses. In addition, grasp the current situation of the residence of the line houses and compare it with the prototype. Finally, this paper explores mainly the physical aspect of the line houses, the Tamil people who have faced the situation at that time while being at the mercy of complicated history, and the image of residence of the line houses that have continued with them.

Let’s think about the way of Jizo-Bon adapted to the times (2019)


“Jizo-Bon” is a precious event where multi-generation of cho-community exchange each other. In Kyoto, there are areas where Jizo-Bon continues to be devised, such as by collaborating with welfare facilities and university students to address issues such as a reduction in the number of players and participants. Let’s learn about these cases, exchange opinions among participants, and join together to give tips on community revitalization, such as how to increase the number of players.

(参考)前田昌弘:地蔵盆と子ども, ASSEMBLY アセンブリー 京都に劇場文化をつくる03[特集]子ども/子供/コドモを考える,p.12,2019年3月


Symposium: Learning from visionary architects(2019)

日本建築学会比較居住文化小委員会シンポジウム 幻の建築家たちの教え

時の試練を経た集落は格好の教科書、その構想者は会うことが叶わない幻の建築家――居住を取り巻く状況が急速に変化している現代においても、いや、むしろ現代においてこそ、フィールドに出向くと多くの学びがあります。しかしフィールドワークは名人芸に近く、定まった方法論はありません。そこで比較居住文化小委員会では、名人たちが何を考え実践してきたのかを広く伝えるべく、16 名の濃密なインタビューと直筆のフィールドノートをまとめ、書籍「建築フィールドワークの系譜:先駆的研究室の方法論を探る」を出版しました。
本シンポジウムでは、本書で取り上げた中から 4 名をお呼びします。第一部は、世界的建築家かつ先駆的フィールドワーカーである原広司氏と古谷誠章氏の講演です。フィールドに何を求めて旅立ち、どのような調査を行ない、その成果が設計の実践にどうつながったかについて解説します。第二部ではこれを受け、布野修司氏が建築計画学の視点から、陣内秀信氏が建築史学の視点から、フィールド研究のトップランナーとしてコメントします。その後は、比較居住文化小委員会のメンバーも加えたパネルディスカッションです。以上の講演と議論を通じて、フィールドワークの現代的な意義をあぶり出します。

The future created by continuous fieldwork (2019)

日本建築学会比較居住文化小委員会 拡大委員会 継続的建築フィールドワークが拓く未来:ベトナムにおける研究の展開、プロジェクトの発生、フィールドの変化

Although Vietnam adopted the Doi Moi policy in 1986 and started working on cooperation with the international community, fieldwork by Western researchers was still rare. In 1994, a comprehensive survey of the townscape of Hoi An’s old town in central Vietnam was conducted. Based on this experience, the field has been expanded to other cities in Vietnam and other countries, but fieldwork in Hoi An continues every year. The possibility of fieldwork is considered from the development of research and field changes due to continued involvement in the field for over 25 years.

Redundancy of Relationships among Inhabitants of “Cho” Community in Terms of Involvement to Jizo-Bon Management(2019)

前田昌弘 他:地蔵盆運営への関与からみた町内住民間の関係の冗長性 -レジリエントなコミュニティ形成に果たす地蔵盆の役割に関する研究 その2 -

This paper analyzed how Jizo-Bon, small-scale religious festivals held widely in Kyoto-city, contributes for improving resilience of “cho”, the basic communities in the central urban area of Kyoto. We clarified that Jizo-Bon is one of important opportunities for inhabitants to be involved in “cho” except for “cho-nai-kai”, community management associations. The results show Jizo-Bon 1. Loads for management are distributed to the extent that each inhabitant can bear them. 2. Meaning of Jizo-Bon can be flexibly renewed corresponding with each inhabitant’s purpose or motivation for joining.

Genealogy of Fieldwork in Architecture(2018)



<表紙カバー帯 推薦コメント>

過ぎ去った時を超えて、幻の建築家たちとの交信。その記録。それにしても、どうして彼等は、私たちの訪れを知っていたのだろうか。 ー原広司(建築家/東京大学名誉教授)

ここには僕自身も影響を受けた多くの先達がいる。建築のフィールドワークとは、文化の多様性の豊かさに触れる未知との遭遇の旅だ。 ー古谷誠章(建築家/早稲田大学教授/日本建築学会会長)

Community disaster mitigation map in Yurin District, Kyoto (2018)

有隣学区 防災まちづくりマップ


The area called “dense urban area” in urban planning retains the architecture and space from the modern age, and conveys the life culture of the city to the present day with the people living there. However, in recent years, dense urban areas are often regarded as targets for renewal due to their vulnerability to disasters. In Yurin school districts, Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto City, members of the “Machi-zukuri Committee”, which is composed mainly of residents, investigate the distribution of resources such as kyo-machiya, alleys, Jizo-bon and the location of evacuation facilities/equipment, and visualized them as community disaster mitigation map. The map is the first step to promote a community development that balances the “life culture” and “disaster safety” of the often conflicting dense urban areas. In addition to the paper version of the map, it can be viewed and edited on the network by linking with stlory (the online sharing platform for the original map), which is also used in community disaster mitigation training.


踏み出すことが複雑さを解く一歩に,京まち工房, Vol.87, 公益財団法人 京都市景観・まちづくりセンター,p.6,2019年6月

Research and Practice on Housing and Community Planning toward Resettlement Societies(2018)


Social mobility and uncertainty surrounding local communities are increasing in the contemporary societies. “Resettlement society” means societies with social support for people who lost stable dwelling as unexpected reasons and intend to restore their stable conditions. Toward realization of the resettlement society, it is necessary to promote research and practice on dwelling design exploring equilibrium points beyond social conflicts and housing policy considering locality and dynamics of housing system.

Symposium: Dwelling among Multiple Generations(2018)

日本建築学会 第13回住宅系研究報告会シンポジウム 世代の”あいだ”を暮らす


Revitalization Proposal of the Oldest Dormitory Managed by Residents(2018)

宮原真美子・前田昌弘・佐野友厚・源五郎丸未来「カオスと秩序の境界に住まう ー日本最古の学生自治寮 活用・再生提案」


The Factors Affecting Acceptance of the Supports by the Residents of Temporary Houses in Terms of “Trust” to Others(2018)

前田昌弘 他:他者への“信頼”からみた仮設住宅居住者による支援の受け入れ要因 -東日本大震災における仮設住宅の住環境改善支援に関する実践的研究その2 -

This paper examined the factors affecting residents’ acceptance of the support based on the action research on support for improvement of temporary house and environment after the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011. Some residents accept because they understood the problems and technology with their knowledge or experience. However, other many residents couldn’t understand them enough and depend their decision on “trust” to others. When they build trust, their expectation for ability of supporters as experts is lower than attitude of supporters as volunteers and residents understand supports better after acceptance of them and are more actively involved through their continuous involvement.

Resettlement from Tsunami Disasters(2016)



Community Design Research : Document Reports(2018)

*CEL(大阪ガス エネルギー・文化研究所) HPより引用


同志社大学大学院総合政策科学研究科とCEL(大阪ガス エネルギー・文化研究所)は、教育研究協力協定の一環で同研究科科目「コミュニティ・デザイン論研究」を連携して開設しています。





Guidebook for Revitalizing Vacant Houses(2018)

有隣学区まちづくり委員会空き家チーム「その空き家、放置していませんか?ー 有隣学区の空き家活用 ー」,2018年3月


[Translated Paper] The Effects of Microcredit on Resettlement after Tsunami Disasters(2018)

Masahiro Maeda : The effect of micro credit on life restoration and community formation in resettlement households affected by the tsunami

This paper analyzed the effect of micro credits in resettlement sites from the perspectives of the NGO staff and residents who participated in micro credit groups. The results are listed below. (i) Micro credits have economic effects for reconstructing life by providing loans for economic activities in resettlement sites in which economic activities are difficult due to the geographical and spatial features. (ii) Micro credits have social effects on community formations through micro credit activity and reorganizing household relationships in resettlement sites. NGO staff and residents organized micro credit groups through neighborhood and family/relative relationships, which succeeded from a previous settlement. Moreover, they created new relationships in addition to these existing relationships. (iii) These results show that micro credits may be a method for sustainable residence in resettlement sites that arise after natural disasters.

Envisioning Urban Future (2018)

「特集 都市の未来を構想できるか? Envisioning Urban Future」日本建築学会 建築雑誌, 2018年3月

21世紀は都市の時代と言われる。人類の7割近くが都市で生活するようになるとの予測もある(World Urbanization Prospects, United Nations, 2014)。
しかし、現代都市は、人類の生(Life)の器として、十分な性能を有しているのだろうか? 例えば、日本の大都市では出生率が軒並み低下している。確かに、職住を分離し郊外化を進めてきたことで、通勤時間が増大した大都市では、女性の社会進出に伴い、ワークライフバランスを保ちつつ子どもを産み育てることは、困難かもしれない。また、保育施設の整備が不十分など、変化する社会状況に対応した子育て環境が確保されていない、ということもあるだろう。では、女性の社会進出に対応した保育環境の整った、また、職住近接したゆとりある生活を送れる都市をつくることで、出生率低下の問題は解決できるだろうか?

Reviewing 3.11 after 6.5 years from architectural planning and community design(2017)

前田昌弘「東日本大震災から6年半 連載を振り返って —建築計画・コミュニティの視点から」日本建築学会 建築雑誌, 2017年11月
ここで言う“点”は地域に決定的な変質をもたらす“特異点”かもしれないし、あるいは、幾つかの“通過点”のひとつかもしれない。それは現時点ではわからない。復興は息の長い取組みなので、厳密な評価には少なくとも10〜 20年といった時間が必要である。とはいえ、東日本大震災は、わが国の社会構造の転換期(人口減少、高齢化など)に発生した大災害であり、復興においても社会組織のレジリエントな再編成が強く求められている。したがって、それぞれの取組みを“点”としてだけとらえるのではなく、どのような“線”が将来にわたって描きうるのか、“走りながら”でも問い続ける努力は決して無駄ではない。そういった、現場ごとのタイムラインについて、現場の人たちが敏感に察知し、また、同時代を生きるできるだけ多くの人々が共有・共感することが重要ではないだろうか。

Transitional Lighting Detective Forum 2017 in Kyoto

世界照明探偵団フォーラム 2017 in 京都

世界照明探偵団フォーラムを2002年の東京大会を皮切りに、ニューヨーク、北京、ストックホルム、シンガポール、マドリード、台北などほぼ毎年、全12 回のフォーラム、ワークショップを世界各都市にて開催してきた。世界照明探偵団の発足の地である東京から12 都市を巡回したところで、再び日本に戻り、京都市民や学生と共に、京都の町あかりを考えるフォーラムを開催。3 日間のフォーラムでは京都らしい明かりとは何かの議論を積み、京都の町あかりのプロポーザルを作成し、そのプロポーザルを試す仮設ライトアップ(ライトアップニンジャ)を実施した。→LINK 世界照明探偵団フォーラム報告ページ

Architectural Design for Regenerating Tea Plantation Communities(2016)

前田昌弘 他「未来を開くきっかけとしての建築 -スリランカ旧紅茶農園長屋再生プロジェクト」地域開発, 第613号, 2016年

紅茶は17 世紀頃からヨーロッパで愛飲されるようになり、東西の交易や文化交流において重要な役割を果たしてきた。スリランカ産の紅茶もその一端を担い、世界史の中で重要な位置を占めてきた。「スリランカ」と聞いてもどんな国かピンと来ない人も、「セイロンティー」の産地と言えば、少しイメージが湧いてくるのではなかろうか。ところが、スリランカの紅茶産業をどんな人々が支えてきたのかということについては、少なくとも日本ではほとんど知られていないように思う。  本稿で紹介するプロジェクトに携わるまではわたしたちも同じような認識であったが、半ば偶然にもスリランカの紅茶産業を陰で支えてきた人々と触れ合う機会を得た。現在、紅茶農園の労働者として19世紀末にインド南部から移住してきたタミルの人々の生活を支えるために、彼らが住み続けてきた築130年以上の長屋の再生に携わっている。スリランカとは縁もゆかりもないわたしたちが現地では”負の遺産”と捉えられている紅茶農園に住む人々の支援にどのような形で関われるのか、時には戸惑いを感じながらも試行錯誤を続けている。  ここでは、現在進行形の取り組みを通じて、建築と時間、あるいは建築と支援といった観点から、“未来を開くきっかけ”としての建築の可能性について考えてみたい。

Conserving Safety and Amenity along Narrow Alley(2016)


築80年を超す平屋の木造家屋。長い年月の間に繰り替えされた継ぎ接ぎ状の改修と老朽化がいたる所に見られ、水廻りが整備されていないこともあり、1 年以上空き家の状態が続いていた。家屋の屋根が路地に対してトンネル路地を形成しており、災害時には老朽化した屋根が路地奥の六軒長屋の住人の方の避難路である路地を塞いでしまう危険性が懸念されていた。改修後は一般的な借家としての活用を予定。設計は予算に合わせて大きな間取りの変更は行わず、家屋がもともと持っていた魅 力を引き出すような計画を行いました。借家を想定して水廻りにはシャワー室を新設し、現代の生活にも合った仕様とした。老朽化し雨漏りしていた屋根を撤去し、陽の入る明るい路地に。本体の屋根は重い瓦屋根から地震に耐え易い軽い板金の 屋根に葺き替えられた。いたるところに見られた老朽化や、柱や床の歪みは改善し、床がかさ上げされていた土間は元来の魅力を取り戻すために床を撤去し、元の姿に復元された。

Geography of Contemporary Disaster Restoration(2017)

「特集 現代復興の地理学 Geography of Contemporary Disaster Restoration」日本建築学会 建築雑誌, 2017年3月


Community Design toward Resettlement of Victims in the Nuclear Disasters(2016)

前田昌弘「原子力災害被災者の再定住とコミュニティ・デザイン」日本建築学会 建築雑誌, 2017年11月


Regeneration of Machiya (Traditional Wooden Town House) along the Narrow Alley


表通りから「コ」の字型にのびる、ややめずらしい形状の路地(まわり路地)には、車の通過がなく、光と風がよく通る落ち着いた生活環境が生み出されている。しかし、この路地に沿って軒を連ねる計9件の町家の多くは長らく活用されず空き家となっていた。この町家のオーナーには、借家で収入を得るという考えがなく(商売として考えていない)、また、なるべくお金をかけたくないという考えがあったそうです。駐車場やマンションの用地として活用しないかという話を何度も持ちかけられたそうですが、親から受け継いだ建物に対する愛着もあり、なかなか決断できずにいた。 町家を直してみようと思ったきっかけは、町家に暮らしている人、町家関連の活動をしている人が身近にいたこと。人とのつながりや客観的な評価が励みになり一念発起し、5件の町家をまとめて賃貸住居として改修することにした。融資の借入や相続税対策など、経験してみないとわからないことが多くあったが、様々な人とのつながりの中で不安は次第になくなっていった。オーナーが近くに住んでいるメリットを活かし、入居者とゴミ出しのルールや路地の掃き掃除について話しあうなど、今では路地に住む魅力を再発見し、楽しみながら町家を運営している。

Revitalizing Old Line Houses in Sri Lanka(2014-)


Sri Lanka is world-famous for Ceylon tea, the export amount of which was used to be the first of the world. However, the people who support the tea as labor are not well-known to the world. They are Tamil people, immigrants from South India, who are neither British people nor Sri Lankan people. The aim of this project is to revitalize a village, Bawlana village, where Tamil people have been living for 130 years, through support from architecture because they have been marginalized and poor after tea plantation here got closed about 30 years ago. We have regenerated a row house called “line house” in Bawlana. Although 1/3 of it used to be lost before the construction, it becomes a base of local tourism the attractive points of which are the history, the culture and the nature of Bawlana. Line houses in Bawlana consist of characteristic elements which are derived from 3 countries related to tea plantation. They are steel frames made in Britain 130 years ago, local granite and veranda space often seen in houses of Sri Lanka, and floor covered with cowpat closely connected with a ceremony of Hinduism from India. We planed the regeneration by two methods, namely, restoring parts of the original house and recomposing the characteristic elements so that the composition of it becomes seen more clearly. Line houses in the former tea plantation area are often regarded as “negative heritage” in Sri Lanka. However, if the history of Bawlana and Tamil’s life and culture are appraised by various viewpoints, it will be power of drawing the future of Bawlana. We believe that this regeneration will make a chance of it and this regenerated line house will be a place where a new history of Bawlana will be born.

The Roles of Jizou-bon toward Building Resilient Communities(2015)

前田昌弘 他 : 京都市都心部における地蔵盆の運営実態と参加者の多様性 – レジリエントなコミュニティ形成に果たす地蔵盆の役割に関する研究 –

This paper examined actual condition of management of Jizo-bon in the central area of Kyoto-city and analyzed component of participants of Jizo-bon. As the result, we clarified people (ex. apartment residents) who tend to be unfamiliar with community activities also join in Jizo-bon. This result means that Jizo-bon play a role in the creation of a resilient community in terms of improving the “diversity” of community members which is one of the basic characteristics of resilient communities. In addition, we considered about the reason why Jizo-bon play a rore described as above. We pointed out that Jizo-bon has “flexibility” from view of selectivity of events, number of participants and place corresponded to the situation of each communities. These results suggest that community resources like Jizo-bon which has experienced change in the long time and succeeded as “the core” of community is meaningful in local community management in the era of uncertainty.

The Factors and Subjects of “Indirect Support” for Residents in Emergency Temporary Housing(2015)

前田昌弘 他:仮設住宅居住者への“間接的支援”の成立要因と課題- 東日本大震災における仮設住宅の住環境改善支援に関する実践的研究 -

We have conducted an action research on improvement of residential environment in temporary housing after the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 through the case of Motoyoshi, Kesennuma-city. This paper tried to clarify the factors why we could realize the support for residents of temporary housing although we had only limited resource and weak relationship with local actors or other supporters before the disaster. We analyzed realization process of our support from the view of “indirect support” (support for supporters) and the results are shown as follows. 1. “Indirect support” which doesn’t fix the relationship between supplier and recipient of support is efficient. The support is realized by the relationships which are created among supporters or between supporters and residents after the disasters. 2. Improvement planning of residential environment based on appropriate technology (preparation for hot and cold climate) is important. The planning should be acceptable for not only individual residents but for residents’ community and other supporters.

Case Book of Jizou-Bon Community Activities (2015)


前田昌弘「レジリエントな地域コミュニティづくりにむけた 地蔵盆× まちづくりに関する研究・活動」,京都大学高田研究室,2015

私たちを取り巻く現代の社会は常に、災害や開発といった不確実な変化や危機に晒されています。京都の長い歴史の中で様々な変化や危機を乗り越えて受け継がれてきたお地蔵さまと地蔵盆には、私たちや地域のコミュニティが備えておくべき“レジリエンス”(不確実な変化や危機に対処する“柳の木の枝” のような“しなやかな強さ”)を備えていると思われます。そこで私たち京都大学髙田研究室では、この“レジリエンス” という観点から、地蔵盆が地域のまちづくりに果たす役割について調査・研究を行っています。

*地蔵盆は、地蔵菩薩の縁日かつお盆(8 月24 日)を中心として行われる行事である。地蔵信仰という宗教的な性格を持ちながらも,町内安全や子どもの健康を願い,時代とともに変化しながら受け継がれてきた。地蔵盆は、京都のまちなかでは町内(両側町)ごとに住民によって運営され、コミュニティの維持に重要な役割を果たしてきた。

Rural and urban sustainability governance(2014)

Rural and urban sustainability governance (Multilevel Environmental Governance for Sustainable Development),United Nations University Press, 2014

The rural and urban communities have a distinct structure, function and dynamism, which provide us with livelihood and define our lives through our various daily activities. Circumstances surrounding the rural and urban communities are increasingly changing, such as with the rapid development towards globalization, and consequently the number of challenges needing solutions seems to be ever on the increase.

The focus of this book is on the rural and urban environments, and the wide-ranging representations of various players’ interacting activities that preserve or destroy these environments. The key issues contemporary to the rural and urban communities include appropriate overall environmental governance involving collaboration and competition among different actors, preservation or creation of a rich and lively living environment, and a search for ways to ensure the inheritance of our greatest assets for following generations.

This book attempts to elucidate the following issues: how we may use rural and urban sustainability as beacons for taking relevant and necessary policy measures and for community activities, and how to further ameliorate such measures and activities. The question of rural and urban sustainability is both specific and rich in context, and offers excellent cases for extracting the essence of multi-layered environmental governance. This volume presents current key academic findings, while also considering interactions between humans and nature, such as local resource management through the commons, and rural–urban interdependence.

Ch.18 Roles of micro finance in critical environmental transition by natural disaster -Case study of resettlement after the Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004 

Building Trust in Support for Temporary Dwelling after Tsunami Disasters(2014)

前田昌弘,石川直人,伊藤俊介 : 津波被災者への居住支援と “信頼構築” の関係に関する研究 -気仙沼市本吉町における実践を通じて-

本研究は仮設住宅での暑さ・寒さ対策等の住環境改善支援の実践の経験をもとに被災者の支援のあり方を探ったものであり、支援者の限られたリソースにも関わらず支援が成立した要因として以下の 2 点を明らかにした。1)支援を提供する側からみた要因:個では解決できない問題への対応を模索する中で、情報共有を基礎として、「間接的支援」を行う関係性が形成された。2)支援を受ける側からみた要因:仮設の住環境および支援をめぐる不確実な状況下での意思決定において他者(支援社/他の居住者)への「信頼」(能力/姿勢にもとづく)が醸成/活用された。

This study explored support method for victims of the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 based on experience of support activity for improvement of housing environment in temporary houses and examined reasons which realized the activity despite of limited resources. 1) Relationships of “support for supporters” was created based on sharing aid information among various support actors in the process of exploring correspondence to problems which cannot be solved by each actors. 2) “Trust” for others (supporters/other residents) are fostered and utilized in the process of decision-making under the uncertain situation.

“Machizukuri Company” for Revitalization of The Old Housing Estate(2013)

前田昌弘 他 : 市街地型住宅団地再生におけるまちづくり会社の導入に関する研究 -堀川団地を対象として-

In order to regenerate a housing complex, it is general situation that the project is driven by private developers. However, in the case of regeneration in urban area, cooperation between regeneration and community management is more important compared with regeneration in suburban area. This paper intends to find possibilities of “Machizukuri company” in regeneration of “Horikawa Housing Complex” which is the oldest RC housing complex with shops and dwellings in Japan. We analyzed discussion in “the Committee of Horikawa Machizukuri Company” which is composed by members from various speciality and background and interviewed the members about their sense of values and possible scheme to realize Machizukuri Company. As a result, we classifi ed “Machizukuri company” to 4 types by the roles (driver or coordinator) and initiatives (private sector driven or citizen driven). We also pointed out the appropriate schemes realizing each of the types by ownership of land and buildings and relationships between Machizukuri Company and administrative, private developers, the residents and citizen.

The Effects of Microcredit on Resettlement after Tsunami Disasters(2011)

前田 昌弘 他 : 再定住地における生活再建とコミュニティ形成に対するマイクロクレジットの効果 – インド洋津波後のスリランカにおける住宅移転をともなう再定住に関する研究 その3-

This paper analyzed effect of Micro Credit in Resettlement Site with research of NGO staff and residents who belong to Micro Credit group. The results are as follows. (1) Micro Credit has economic effect in terms of life reconstruction through loan supply for economic activities in Resettlement Site where economic activities are difficult due to geographical and spatial features of Resettlement Site. (2) Micro Credit has social effect in terms of community formation through Micro Credit activity and re-organization of household relationships in Resettlement Site. NGO staff and residents organized Micro Credit group by using Neighborhood relationship and Blood relationship which were succeeded from previous settlement. And they also created new relationships which are across these existing relationships. (3) These results show possibility of Micro Credit as a method for sustainable residence in resettlement site design after natural disasters.

Cross-sectoral Research on Restoration Support after Natural Disasters(2010)



The Roles of Communities in Resettlement after Tsunami Disasters(2011)

前田昌弘 津波被災者の再定住地への移住と生活再建におけるコミュニティの役割 -スリランカ南部沿岸集落の多様な関係の持続性-

阪神・淡路大震災(1995年)の被災市街地における住宅再建と災害復興公営住宅団地を比較した研究(北後・樋口・室崎2006)においても指摘されているように、住宅復興は通常、被災者の生活再建のし易さから、被災地での住宅再建が望ましいと考えられている。  一方、新潟県中越地震(2006年)では、多くの集落で被災地外への集団移転が実施された。集団移転が本当に妥当であったか議論の余地はあるが、被災地には被害再発の恐れがある集落も多く、集団移転は実施された。  このように、社会状況や地域性によっては被災地外への住宅移転が避けられない場合がある。その場合、移転先の新しい環境に適応する負担が生じ、被災者の生活再建がさらに困難になる恐れがある。こういった住宅移転の問題について、居住地計画的な対策が必要だと考えられるが、実際的な対策に資するような研究は少ない。  住宅移転の問題はわが国に限らず、インド洋津波(2004年)、ハリケーン・カトリーナ(2005年)、四川大地震(2008年)、ハイチ地震(2010年)などにおいても発生しており、災害復興における普遍的な問題であると考えられる。   また、住宅移転の問題は、個人の生活がどうあるべきかという問題に関わるだけではない。現代社会における生活の質は、家族の関係、友人関係、仕事上の関係など様々な関係によって保たれている。コミュニティをこれら様々な関係の複合体と定義するならば、住宅移転の問題は、平常時のコミュニティがどうあるべきか、既存のコミュニティをどのように維持・継承すべきか、というコミュニティのあり方の問題にも深く関わっている。  本稿が対象とするインド洋津波後のスリランカも、同種の問題を抱える地域である。本稿では、再定住地へと移住した津波被災者の生活再建においてコミュニティが果たした役割の分析を通じて、住宅復興におけるコミュニティの維持・継承のあり方について考察したい。

Contact Information

〒606-8501 京都市左京区吉田二本松町

Yoshida-Nihonmatsu-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto-city